Forces Between Atoms
The intermolecular forces consist of an attractive force and a repulsive force.
Graph of Forces Between 2 atoms
x0 = Equilibrium Distance
When the particles are compressed, x < x0, the repulsive force between the particles increases.
When the particles are stressed, x > x0, the attractive force between the particles increases.
If the distance x exceeds the elastic limit, the attractive force will decreases.
Factors Affecting the Stiffness of Spring
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