Safety Feature in Vehicles

Card 1: Crumble Zone

Crumble Zone

  • The crumple zone increases the reaction time of collision during an accident.
  • This causes the impulsive force to be reduced and hence reduces the risk of injuries.
Card 2: Seat Belt

Seat Belt

Prevent the driver and passengers from being flung forward or thrown out of the car during an emergency break.

Card 3: Airbag

Airbag

The inflated airbag during an accident acts as a cushion to lessen the impact when the driver flings forward hitting the steering wheel or dashboard.

Card 4: Head Rest

Head Rest

Reduce neck injury when driver and passengers are thrown backwards when the car is banged from backward.

Card 5: Windscreen

Windscreen

Shatter-proof glass is used so that it will not break into small pieces when broken. This may reduce injuries caused by scattered glass.

Card 6: Padded Dashboard

Padded Dashboard

Cover with soft material. This may increases the reaction time and hence reduce the impulsive force when passenger knocking on it in accident.

Card 7: Collapsible Steering Columns

Collapsible Steering Columns

The steering will swing away from driver’s chest during collision. This may reduce the impulsive force acting on the driver.

Card 8: Anti-lock Braking System (ABS)

Anti-lock Braking System (ABS)

Prevent the wheels from locking when brake applied suddenly by adjusting the pressure of the brake fluid. This can prevents the car from skidding.

Card 9: Bumper

Bumper

Made of elastic material so that it can increases the reaction time and hence reduces the impulsive force caused by collision.

Card 10: Passanger Safety Cell

Passanger Safety Cell

  • The body of the car is made from strong, rigid stell cage.
  • This may prevent the car from collapsing on the passengers during a car crash.

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